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INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
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Trademark
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A Trade Mark is a distinctive sign or indicator which is used by an individual or any entity to represent the goods and services manufactured and marketed by such individual or entity. A Trade Mark may be anything from a word, symbol, letter, sound, smell or shape which distinguishes the goods and services covered under it from that of other third parties.
A Trade Mark is used by a manufacturer or service provider to enable its consumers to differentiate its goods or services from that of other third parties.
As a Trade Mark coupled with high quality goods and services, plays a very important role in retaining existing customers as well as attracting future consumers. In this manner, a Trade Mark becomes an important aspect for the financial growth and future development of any business entity.
In order to protect ones rights in a Trade Mark, it is necessary to have the same registered. The benefits of Trade Mark registration are manifold. A Trade Mark registration gives the owner of the Trade Mark, exclusive rights to use the mark and the said owner may stop all third parties from using the same mark or any other similar mark which may deceive or confuse the consumers to believe that the goods or services of the third party are associated to that of the Trade Mark owner. A registered Trade Mark further gives a legal recognition to the business of the Trade Mark owner with regard to its products.
A Trade Mark, once registered, will give exclusive rights to the registered proprietor for a period of 10 years from the date on which the Trade Mark application was actually filed. Thereafter, the said proprietor may renew the registration for a period of further 10 years.
Patents
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Patent is a statutory Intellectual Property Right which grants exclusive rights to the owner of an invention. To qualify as a patentable subject matter, an invention should be a new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of industrial application. A Patent is granted to encourage the inventor to disclose the invention in lieu of a monopoly to exploit and commercialize the invention for specific period of twenty years.
Copyright
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Copyright arises automatically upon creation of a work that falls within the scope of the Copyright Act, and is independent of registration or any formal notification of the existence of Copyright. However, registering a Copyright provides evidence that Copyright subsists in the work and that the person named in the registration is the owner of the Copyright. 
Copyright means the exclusive right given to authors, artists, composers etc. to do or authorise others to do certain acts in relation to:
Literary, dramatic or musical works, not being a computer programme.
Artistic work
Computer programmes
Cinematograph film and;
Sound recording.
The main intent behind a Copyright is to encourage the creation of new works by giving authors control of their works and to enable them to profit from such work.
Designs
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Design pertains to aesthetic features of shape, configuration, pattern, ornament or composition of lines or colours applied to any article whether in two dimensional or three dimensional or in both forms. An industrial Design is primarily of an aesthetic nature and therefore, the technical features and functional aspects of the products are not protected under Designs. A Design must be new and original for the purpose of registration. It should not have been disclosed to the public anywhere in world and should not be contrary to public order or morality.
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